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Sugar friends protect the kidneys, control blood sugar, and reduce sodium intake

2017-08-17 14:42

Diabetic nephropathy is a common complication of diabetes, diabetes is one of the systemic microvascular lesions, the clinical features were proteinuria, progressive renal dysfunction, hypertension, edema, late severe renal failure is the main cause of death in patients with diabetes a.

As we all know, albumin is an important substance in human life. Normally, when the blood passes through the kidneys, albumin is not excreted from the urine. When combined with diabetic nephropathy, albumin is leaking into the urine. With the aggravation of the disease, a variety of proteins, red blood cells, white blood cells can leak into the urine from the blood; late glomeruli were severely damaged, the filter out "junk inside" can not filter out there uremia.

However, with the extension of China's per capita life, living habits, the change of dietary structure, the prevalence of diabetes in a linear upward trend, diabetic nephropathy is also increasing, so the diabetes patients want to protect the kidney from less damage, can start from the following 7 points:

1, control blood sugar standards

Now that you're suffering from diabetes, you have to be treated, and the treatment must be up to standard. Because the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are not obvious, the patient has more or less complications, such as symptoms, which are detrimental to the treatment and prognosis of patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we advocate the control of standards, non-compliance is no cure.

3, reduce sodium intake

Most people with type 2 diabetes are overweight, obese, heavy in appetite, salty, and heavy in salt. Sodium is mainly through kidney urinary leakage, about 80 of the re absorption, glomerular and renal tubular secretion and excretion of sodium ion is through epithelial cells using messenger conduction mechanism of sodium potassium and sodium H exchange, second messenger activity of various cells in vivo metabolism of motivation mechanism, increase the load. Promote the apoptosis rate of cell senescence. High intake of sodium salts can lead to pathological changes in renal blood vessels, increasing the burden on the kidneys and affecting kidney function.

Experts have found that high salt intake can accelerate the decline of kidney function in patients with kidney disease. Therefore, patients with kidney disease must control the intake of sodium salt.

2. Control blood pressure to normal level

Generally, diabetic patients with hypertension, double the burden on the kidneys, so patients with diabetic nephropathy should pay more attention to the control of blood pressure.

4 、 early intervention therapy

Diabetic patients with early intervention treatment effect is obvious, some scholars used antioxidants such as vitamin E and vitamin C, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, traditional Chinese medicine six tasteglutinous Rehmannia Pill intervention treatment of diabetic nephropathy and diabetic patients without diabetic nephropathy have emerged, have achieved good results, the blood pressure is not in the ideal level with antihypertensive drugs, on the one hand to increase insulin sensitivity, on the other hand, reduce proteinuria in patients with urinary protein have been filtered out to protect the kidney function.

Of course, in the treatment of diabetes, we should also pay attention to minimizing the kidney damage caused by antidiabetic drugs, and the early application of insulin can protect the kidneys.

5, regular monitoring

The blood glucose level changes with the change of environment and people season, also fluctuate with the sensitivity of drug application, regular blood glucose monitoring, regular monitoring of urine protein and blood pressure levels are necessary, if not to monitor, imperceptibly, wait until the high blood sugar caused kidney problems and to solve the problem, a little too late, some patients attention at the beginning of treatment, with the passage of time, attention decreased, since that drug control is normal, thus delay the timing of treatment good.

6, a reasonable diet

Clinical and experimental study of the effect of diet protein intake were observed, high protein diet can increase the blood flow and the glomerular pressure, aggravate renal hemodynamic changes caused by hyperglycemia, no proteinuria patients require protein a day per kilogram of body weight 0.8 grams of urine protein the patient asked a day 0.6~0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight diet on the clinical stage of diabetic nephropathy can lead to decreased glomerular filtration rate slowed down, should be high-quality animal protein, in which insulin, may be appropriate to increase the amount of carbohydrates to ensure adequate calories, protein and fat decomposition to avoid increasing the burden of kidney excretion. In addition, reducing the intake of a variety of high calorie, oil squeezed foods and crude proteins is beneficial for kidney protection.

7, avoid the use of nephrotoxic drugs

Avoid the use of drugs harmful to the kidneys: such as gentamicin, streptomycin, amikacin, and traditional Chinese medicine.

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